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Adire: Indigo Textiles amongst
the Yoruba
The Arts 
Students at the Nike Art Centres engage in a variety of arts. Traditional arts are practiced, such as indigo dying and sculpting, and also non-traditional arts such as painting and quilting, as well as other cultural activities such as drumming and dancing.

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Indigo is made by burning cocoa pods to ashes, then filtering water through the ashes into a pot in which indigo leaves are placed and left to ferment in the sun for 7 to 10 days before using as a dye.

Traditional indigo dying using natural vegetable dyes.

Adire is the traditional Yoruba hand painted cloth on which patterns are made by tying and stitching with raffia or cotton thread, or by using chicken feathers to paint cassava paste on the cloth which then acts as a resist dye, much like the wax method used on the batiks.

Batik (Yoruba) at the centre are distinct for their vegetable dye colours and traditional themes and motifs.

Reverse Applique is carried out using hand woven, hand spun thread, hand stitched in abstract designs to create wall hangings and cushion covers.

Quilting is a recent development at the centre, using adire cloth and other fabrics.

A batik wall hanging depicting traditional scenes and motifs.

An embroidery using richly colored threads to make intricate designs and patterns.

Traditional loom weavings are taught at the centre using organic hand spun threads to make large textiles for colorful traditional dresses.

Stone work and carving are taught at the Nike Centre in Oshogbo.

Carving in traditional motifs and styles are taught by master carvers from a traditional carving family of the 5th generation.

Brass and copper are pounded to depict traditional scenes and designs in aluminum sculptures and in jewellery.

Beads traditionall were used for the royal crowns and staffs, but the centre uses beads for art forms. Beadwork is done by gluing glass beads onto plywood to form scenes of Yoruba tales and folklore.

Painting is done primarily with oils but also with watercolors and other media, on wood, paper and walls.

Rice paper work is done with vegetable dyes, pen and ink, depicting scenes from village life.

Talking drummers are a Yoruba tradition for sending messages, and Bata drumming is used for rituals and masquerade.

Traditional Yoruba dancing and drumming are taught at the Nike Centre in Oshogbo.

Women drummers in action welcoming guests at the Nike Centre in Ogidi, in the Kogi state of Nigeria.

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